The Basic Steps to Perfect Golf.

By Philip A Gorfett.

www.playperfectgolf.co.uk
Home Introduction Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4 Lesson 5 Lesson 6 Lesson 7 Lesson 8 Lesson 9 Lesson 10

Lesson 5 - The Down Swing. (Changed 04/08/2017)


Because the left heel has remained fully on the ground, as the back swing reaches its conclusion the whole body has been twisted to its maximum, the left shoulder is pointing to the ground and the right shoulder is pointing to the sky -- whilst the left arm is held close to the right shoulder and the right elbow remains tightly tucked into the waist.

The object of the down swing movement is not just simply to rotate the upper body in order to swing the arms into the contact area, but to also use the rotational movement of the hips to aid and abet the upper body action.

But importantly, you must ensure that the two components rotate as a solid one piece unit.

 

During the down swing movement, although the upper body and the lower body are rotated with equally amount of energy and also that the two parts rotate as a combned one piece solid unit, it vital that the rotational movement of the hips are always moving slightly ahead of the rotational movement of the upper body unit.

(It is important to point out that you must keep the left arm held close to the right shoulder and the right elbow tucked into the waist throughout the down swing movement -- until the club head strikes the ball.

When the club head strikes the ball, you force the arms to interact whilst simultaneously the club head swings through the contact area.

This is not an easy task as first, as the impulse is to activate the arms during the down swing movement, but persevere and you will reap the results. By holding the right elbow tight into the waist until the club head strikes the ball it stops the left arm from moving away from the right shoulder too early, thus dramatically improving the accuracy of the shot. )


Down Swing Movement.

Whilst holding the compact upper body with the left arm close to the right shoulder and the right elbow tucked into the waist, I press down with my left foot and simultaneously force the right hip to rotate towards the target area, whilst also simultaneously forcing the left hip to rotate away from the target area, thus ensuring that the hips rotate around a central axis whilst simultaneously being held firmly over the centre of my stance.
(This action is performed whilst keeping my head positioned so that the left eye remains slightly behind the ball position, the left arm close to the right shoulder, the right elbow tucked into my waist and my eyes fully focused on the back edge of the golf ball, but very aware that the bottom of the swing arc is about four inches in front of the ball.)



This initial hip action will create a tremendous pulling effect upon the compact upper body, but the upper body unit must be held back from being forced to rotate for much longer than you can imagine, thus further increasing the torsion of the muscles between the lower body and the upper body and thereby increasing the twisting effect of the whole body.

This hip action will literally force the upper body unit to follow the movement of the hips, but you must continue to hold the left arm close to the right shoulder and keep the right elbow tucked into the waist.

But importantly, once the torsion of the body has been built up to its maximum, although the hips must continue to rotate ahead slightly ahead of the compact upper body unit, the upper body is then aggresively rotated into the down swing movement whilst held together as a solid one piece unit and the left arm close to the right shoulder, but with equal amounts of energy being applied to both the lower part of the body and the upper part of the body.

(See video as an example of how the left arm remains close to the right shoulder and the right elbow remain close to the body until the impact position.)

 

When you understand the basic principles of the technique that I am teaching, have a look at the top professionals and you will see how the left arm is held close to the right shoulder and the right elbow is tucked into the waist until the ball is struck whilst the upper body unit rotates during the down swing.

( I call the hips and the upper body as they rotate into the down swing / follow through, the Shoulder/Hips unit.)

 



From the moment the hips begin to rotate towards the target area it exerts a pulling effect upon the upper body unit, but eventually the upper body unit and the lower part of body will, and must, begin to rotate as individual parts, but always with the hips rotating slightly ahead of the upper body unit.

Importantly, as the upper body unit rotates into the down swing movement, I continue to hold the upper body unit so that the left arm is held close to the right shoulder, but equally important, I keep the right elbow tucked into the waist, and I hold the upper body unit in this configuration until the club head strikes the ball.

(It is absolutely vital that the right hip/left hip rotation causes the hips to physically begin to rotate to fully face the target area in an aggressive manner, the hips should be partially facing the target area well before the upper body unit has reached the halfway stage of the down swing movement.
See video of Jordan Spieth and notice how the hips rotate slight ahead of the rotational movement of the upper body unit.)

 

As the hips continue to lead the compact upper body unit (whilst the two parts rotate into the down swing movement as a one piece unit,) the upper body angles must be maintained and because of this, from the very beginning of the down swing movement the universal joint theory must be applied and the golf club must return on a swing path that is a reflection of the back swing movement.


As the down swing movement is performed, you must keep your head behind the ball and also try to keep the left arm close to the right shoulder and the right elbow tucked into the waist until the club head strikes the ball, at that point the right arm is quickly fully extended.
( The longer you can keep the left arm close to the right shoulder, maintain the twisted condition of the whole body and hold the right elbow close to the waist, the better the contact and the accuracy of the shot.)


Throughout the down swing movement I am concentrating very hard to keep my head firmly in the original address position and also in the frontal facing position whilst maintaining the upper body angles
as the rotational movement of the hips and the upper body unit rotate into the down swing movement, but importantly my eyes are fully focused on the back of the ball so that I can see the precise moment the club head strikes the ball, because at the point the follow through begins.

This is where the arms interact, thus forcing the club head through the contact area, whilst simultaneously completing the task of turning the whole body to fully face the target area ---- at the same speed the arms swing past the body

 

At impact the hips are almost completely facing the target area and the shoulders feel as if they are also facing the target area with the left shoulder still close to the right shoulder, the right elbow remains tucked into the waist -- but this action can only be achieved by using the waist line as a universal joint.

 

However as long as the hips initially force the compact upper body unit to rotate whilst held over the centre of your stance and you keep the left arm close to the right shoulder and the right elbow tucked into the waist until the club head strikes then ball, you will experience a beautifully controlled whipping action of the club head through the ball, to the bottom of the swing arc.

 

At the impact position, the hips and the compact upper body unit has rotated to a point where the hips are almost facing the target area and the shoulders are parallel to the target line, thus reversing the swing path as taken during the back swing movement, but importantly, the head remains firmly in the original address position.

At the impact position, because the left arm is held close to the right shoulder and the right elbow is held close to the waist, it will feel as if the shoulders are very open but this is an illusion.


Similar to the back swing movement, consider the down swing as a single action.

See VIDEO -- I have slowed the video sequence to illustrate how the hip movement initially totally controls the movement of the compact upper body unit and a combination of the two parts literally pull the club head into the contact area.


TIP

You must must ensure that the club head continues on a downwards trajectory as the ball is struck and continue for a further four inches AFTER the ball has been struck, thus effectively completing the down swing movement.

At that point you must ensure that you pivot on your left foot and turn the whole body to fully face the target area, in order to begin to "walk" after the ball.


Bottom of the Swing Arc.

This Photograph shows the difference between the way High Handicapped golfers and Professional golfers strike the ball.

The bottom of the swing arc for the average PGA Tour player is approximately four inches in front of the golf ball, where in contrast, the bottom of the swing arc for a high-handicapper is an inch or so behind the ball.

A high-handicap golfer would reduce his or her average score by four strokes for every forward inch of improvement made for the bottom of the swing arc.

In other words, if you want to break a scoring barrier, ensure that you continue to swing the club head with a descending strike until the club head has gone past the ball for a distance of about four inches, thus fully compressing the golf ball.

(This will ensure that the club head swings to the bottom of the swing arc - which is well after the ball has been struck!!)

This also applies to the short game.

Courtesy of the "Golf Digest"

swing arc

At impact the shoulders are square to the target line, therefore whilst the hips and the upper body unit continue to rotate, the right arm is forced into the fully straightened position, thereby forcing the club head to descend to the bottom of the swing arc, thus beginning the follow through movement.

 

If you have any comments relating to this web site, please contact me:- Here

 
 

Site Map

© ® This web site is my copyright and I reserve the right to upgrade the information on a regular basis.