The Basic Steps to Perfect Golf.

By Philip A Gorfett.

www.playperfectgolf.co.uk
Home Introduction Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4 Lesson 5 Lesson 6 Lesson 7 Lesson 8 Lesson 9 Lesson 10
   

Lesson 4 - The Back Swing. (Changed 24/04/2018)


Back Swing Movement. ( See "Still Mechanics" 4.1)

The set up and the way you take the club away from the ball at the very beginning of the back swing movement will determine the outcome of the golf shot, so pay particular attention to this aspect of the golf swing.

The majority of amateur golfer do not perform a correct back swing movement.

What they do is lift the arms/golf club to the top of the back swing movement and to the onlooker it appears that the golfer has made a full shoulder turn, however this arm action creates further problems during the down swing because it can encourage the arms to move independently of the shoulders too soon.

 

Therefore during the back swing movement you must only use the lower back muscles to rotate a very compact upper body unit to the end of the back swing movement whilst meanwhile the upper body unit must be firmly held together as a compact one piece unit. without any conscious cocking of the wrists.

In other words the arms only move because of the rotational movement of the compact upper body unit.

At the end of the back swing movement the left arm will be close to the right shoulder.

( Look at this VIDEO of a top professional making a golf swing, notice as the back swing movement is performed the hips are gradually rotating away from the frontal facing position.)


In this lesson I am playing a seven iron, so the first thing I do as I address the ball is to ensure that the shoulders are square to the target line, the hands are well to the left of the ball and the head is behind ball position.

I then check that upper body angles are correctly set.

Next I focus my eyes on the manufacture's name on the golf ball and then place the ball on the tee so that the manufacture's name is facing away from the target area, but is just visible as I address the ball.



Therefore as I address the ball I continue to hold my focus on the manufacture's name on the golf ball ball and ensure that my head remains well behind the ball, before concentrating on the lower back muscles to rotate the shoulders/upper body unit around central core of the spine.

However as the upper body unit is rotated into the back swing movement the hips must also gradually rotate. ( see lesson 2)

It is vital that as the upper body unit is rotated into the back swing movement, whilst held together as a one piece solid unit.

To ensure that I maintain the compact upper body unit, I keep the elbows as close together as is possible and the right elbow tucked into my waist.


This is the critical part of the golf swing.

Whilst concentrating on the lower back muscles to rotate the compact upper body unit into the back swing movement - as a one piece solid unit- I allow the hips to rotate simultaneously allow the weight of the body to move slightly onto the right leg and in doing so the head moves away from the original address position.


As I stated above, this part of the back swing is important, so as the lower back muscles rotate the compact upper body unit into the back swing movement whilst held together as a one piece solid unit , I ensure three vital aspects are adhered too.

(1) That the club head immediately begins to move inside the parallel to the target line as soon as the club head moves away from the ball.

(2) I ensure that the compact upper body unit rotates around the central core of the spine.

(3) The hips are allowed to rotate, with approximately 70% of the body weight in over the right leg.


Look at this VIDEO and you can see how the club head moves inside the parallel to the target line immediately it moves away from the ball, you can also see how after the club head strikes the ball, the club head swings inside the target line.


As long as I continue to adhere to these aspects of the back swing and as long as the lower back muscles control the rotational movement of the compact upper body unit, the left shoulder will gradually begin to rotate under the chin, but you must ensure that the club head follows a swing path that moves it inside the parallel to the target line immediately the club head moves away from the ball.

When you reach a position where your head is just about to rotate away from the frontal facing position, the back swing movement is deemed as completed.

(If you correctly rotate the compact upper body unit around the central core of the spine and keep the head in the fixed frontal position, the left shoulder will immediately begin to rotate under the chin -- and as the back swing continues to its conclusion, the left shoulder will be pointing to the ground and the right shoulder will be pointing to the sky. -- However I must point out that when you perform the down swing movement, the club head must return to the ball on exactly the same swing path as performed during the back swing. )



Important Points

I ensure that the club face remain square to the ball position for as long as possible whilst the left shoulder rotates under the chin and immediately moving the club head inside the parallel to the target line.

But whilst the lower back muscles are the controlling factor throughout the back swing movement, I keep the elbows held close together thus maintaining the shoulders and the arms
as a very compact unit, whilst my grip on the club is very light.
(If you hold the elbows close together at all times as described it will feel very unusual to you, but after a while you will become accustomed.)


As the hips rotate during the back swing movement the right leg is always held in a firm condition.

At the end of the back swing movement both feet remain firmly on the ground, the torso has fully twisted.

The left shoulder has rotated under my chin and the right shoulder is pointing towards the sky but the right elbow is tucked well into the waist.

The hips have rotate slightly away from the frontal facing position with most of the body weight over the right leg and the wrists are fully cocked.

When the back swing is completed, you must hold this position for much longer than you realise, whilst the hips rotate in the opposite direction to initiate the down swing movement.


See Pete Cowen`s -"Axe Drill"- (When site comes up, click on "home page" for the video.)

 

***You will only perform a correct back swing movement by:-


Maintaining the upper body angles.

Keeping the elbows held as close together as is physically possible, but focusing on the lower back muscles as the controlling factor to rotate the upper body unit around the central core of the spine.

Ensuring that the club head moves inside the parallel to the target line immediately the club head moves away from the ball.

Stopping the head from rotating away from the fixed frontal position.

Moving the weight of the body onto the right leg as the hip rotate.

Keeping the left heel firmly on the ground.



Because the head moves laterally during the back swing movement, you must return the head back to the original address position by the time the club head strikes the ball, if not the club head will hit the ground before striking the ball.


You must learn to use the lower back muscles to make a full back swing movement whilst the elbows are held as close together as is physically possible and the head held in the fixed frontal position, whilst the hips rotate and the weight of the body moves onto the right leg.

It is not easy at first but when you see the results you will understand the importance of the action.


All these changes to your golf swing will not happen "overnight" -- so remember, the more you practice a new movement, the more natural the movement will become.

However, only practice one new movement at a time until the movement becomes automatic, then you can move on to the next new movement.

Therefore when you have fully absorbed and thoroughly practiced the movements as described within this lesson, proceed to Lesson 5, the "Down Swing Movement"



But remember, think of the back swing as a single action, because at the end of the back swing movement everything has to stop moving -- before moving in the opposite direction.

However the main keys to a successful back swing movement is a nice even tempo, use the lower back muscles to rotate the shoulders thus pushing the arms to the end of the back swing movement and also ensure that the head remains in the frontal facing position at all times.

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