The Basic Steps to Perfect Golf.

By Philip A Gorfett.
Home Golf Swing Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4 Lesson 5 Lesson 6 Lesson 7 Lesson 8 Lesson 9 Lesson 10

Lesson 3 - The Upper Body.(Changed -16/08/2019)


The golden rule that relates to the upper body unit is that once the elbows have been pulled close together thus forming the triangular shape of the shoulders and the arms, the upper body unit must be strictly maintained in this compact condition from the moment the back swing begins, right through to the end of the golf swing movement, therefore the elbows must remain as close together as is physically possible at all times to ensure that the upper body unit remain in a compact condition.

Look at the professional golfers on TV and you will see what I mean.

However, regardless how tightly you hold the elbows together, during the back swing movement the right arm will gradually fold.



As a combination of the hip movement and the straightening of the left leg forces the shoulders to rotate, you must hold the left arm close to the right shoulder and the right elbow tucked into the waist until the club head strikes the ball -- this is very difficult to achieve at first because the natural urge is to forcible swing the arms, but persevere and simply use the shoulder rotation to return the club head back to the ball.

As a point of importance, during the down swing movement the right arm will automatically begin to unfold unless you hold it in the folded condition, therefore this unfolding of the right arm should be delayed until the club head strikes the ball, but importantly the right elbow will move away from your waist unless you concentrate on this action.

( You must keep the arms in a totally passive condition throughout the down swing movement.)

Any independent movement of the arms is only allowed just prior to the point of impact, where the right arm is forced into the fully straightened position, other than that it is the hip action that controls the shoulder rotation..


The shoulders are forced to rotate from a position at the end of the back swing movement where the left shoulder is pointing to the ball position, to a position at the completion of the golf swing movement, where the right shoulder is pointing well past the original ball position.

( From the moment the down swing begins and well into the the follow through movement, the shoulders must be held parallel to the target area.)

Therefore as down swing movement movement is performed, the only way that the upper body angles can be maintained is to use the waist line as a universal joint.

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