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Lesson 3 - The Upper Body.(Changed -04/11/2019)


The golden rule that relates to the upper body unit is that once the elbows have been pulled close together thus forming the triangular shape of the shoulders and the arms, the upper body unit must be strictly maintained in this compact condition from the moment the back swing begins, right through to the end of the golf swing movement, therefore the elbows must remain as close together as is physically possible at all times to ensure that the upper body unit remain in a compact condition, but importantly, it is the rotation of the shoulders that controls the movement of the arms.

Look at the professional golfers on TV and you will see what I mean.

However, regardless how tightly you hold the elbows together, during the back swing movement the right arm will gradually fold.

As you perform the golf swing movement you must imagine a straight steel rod as a replacement for your spine, but the rod extends all the way into the ground thus holding the upper body firmly at the angle than is set at the address position --- the compact upper body simply rotates back and forth around this metal rod.


As you perform the back swing movement it is absolutely vital that it is the rotational movement of the shoulders that move the arms to the end of the back swing movement, it is so easy to fall into the habit of simply lifting the arms, you will know when you are not making a correct back swing movement when your golf shots become erratic.



As the rotational movement of the hips force the upper body unit to follow its movement you must hold the left arm close to the right shoulder and the right elbow tucked into the waist until the club head strikes the ball -- this is very difficult to achieve at first because the natural urge is to forcible swing the arms, but persevere and simply hold the arms in this position for as long as possible.

As a point of importance, during the down swing movement the right arm will automatically begin to unfold unless you hold it in the folded condition, therefore this unfolding of the right arm should be delayed until the club head strikes the ball, but importantly the right elbow will move away from your waist unless you concentrate on this action.

( You must keep the arms in a totally passive condition throughout the down swing movement.)

Any independent movement of the arms is only allowed just prior to the point of impact, where the arms are pulled into and through the contact area, prior to that point the shoulders have total control over the movement of the arms.


As the hips force the compact upper body unit to follow its movement and thus rotate around the central core of the spine, the shoulders are forced to rotate from a position at the end of the back swing movement where the left shoulder is pointing to the ball position, to a position at the completion of the golf swing movement, where the right shoulder is pointing well past the original ball position.

( From the moment the down swing begins and well into the the follow through movement, the shoulders must be held parallel to the target area.)

Therefore as down swing movement movement is performed, the only way that the upper body angles can be maintained is to use the waist line as a universal joint.

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