The Basic Steps to Perfect Golf.

By Philip A Gorfett.

www.playperfectgolf.co.uk

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The Golf Swing. (Changed 12/07/2019)



Slow Motion Golf Swing by Luke Donald.


 

The golf swing as performed by Luke Donald illustrates in slow motion, the basic method of playing top quality golf.

As you look at this video you would assume that Luke is also forcing the upper body to rotate, but I can assure you that the upper body unit is in a totally passive condition and is only rotating because of the hip movement.

The only upper body action that Luke performs is the straightening of the right arm as the club head nears the ball.


Set Up.

It is vital to adopt the correct address position.

Back Swing Movement.

The back swing movement is a very basic movement where the golfer has simply rotated the shoulders and the arms as a one piece unit, whilst the hips are stopped from swaying away from the original address, but you will note that the club face is square to the ball until half way into the back swing movement.

To achieve accuracy, the back swing must be a slow and controlled movement.

Notice how the left arm is close to the right shoulder at the end of the back swing movement but more importantly, how it remains in this position for the majority of the down swing movement.

Down Swing Movement.

Therefore whilst keeping the left arm close to the right shoulder, the golfer pauses slightly at the end of the back swing movement before transferring his weight onto the left foot, thus initiating the down swing movement.

( As soon as the weight of the body moves onto the left foot, the weight remains over the left side of the body for the remainder of the swing process.)

As the hips rotate towards the target area, the left leg is gradually straightened, which forces the whole twisted upper body unit to rotate around the axis of the spine, but importantly the golfer ensures that the weight of his body remains on his left foot thus preventing the hips from swaying away from the target area, but most importantly, the twisted upper body unit is totally passive to the movement of the hips, whilst the left arm remains close to the right shoulder.


As the down swing movement progresses, the left leg will continue to straighten, this action coincides with the hips continuing to turn, thus forcing the whole twisted body unit to rotate around the axis of the spine.

 

As the down swing reaches it conclusion, the straightening of the left leg and the rotation of the hips will suddenly begin to speed up, thus giving the swing the snap effect and this action coincides with the action of straightening the right arm prior to the club head making contact with the ball, but remember, you must hold the hands back from going beyond the original address position until the club head strikes the ball.

At all times the head is held so it remains slightly behind the ball until well after the ball has been struck.




Whilst the twisted upper body unit is following the movement of the hips, it remains held firmly together as a one piece unit and in a totally passive condition, thus maintaining the whole body in the twisted condition.

(As long as you hold the hips in the same fixed position throughout the back swing you will soon notice that you can gradually increase the speed of the down swing action without hitting the ground before striking the ball - this is why it is absolutely vital that the hips are not allowed to sway away from the ball for even a fraction of an inch during the back swing -- It can be done, you simply need to concentrate)

Throughout the entire down swing movement the rotation of the twisted upper body is simply created by the rotational movement of the hips, aided by the action of forcing the left leg to straighten.

(The important point to make is that as soon as the hips begin to rotate towards the target area they must continue to exert a pulling effect upon the twisted upper body unit right through to the completion of the golf swing movement.)



Therefore the golfer has used the rotational movement of the hips to literally force the twisted upper body unit to rotate around the axis of the spine, thus literally pulling the club head into the contact area.

( It is absolutely vital that the rotation of the hips is the dominant feature of the down swing movement whilst the left arm remains held close to the right shoulder, when the hip movement becomes a natural controller of the rotation of the upper body you can then begin to focus on straightening the right arm as the club head makes contact with the ball , but only when the hip movement is fully established in the muscle memory.)

After the club head strikes the ball you will notice that the golfer takes a divot, this is achieved by swinging the club head to the bottom of the swing arc, whilst quickly turning the whole body to fully face the target area.

 

A vital ingredient for any top golfer is that they maintain their focus on the ball until the precise moment the club head strikes the ball, but importantly, they keep the focus on the spot where the ball was resting until the swing motion forces the head to turn with the body.

Please bear in mind that the swing action of the professional golfer is based on thousands of hours of practice so do not expect to reach this level at first.

Build up the basics of the golf swing and when you are hitting the ball in the correct way you can then develop the power aspect of the golf swing, such as the straightening of the right arm at impact, it all takes time.


 

If you imagine the left arm strapped to the right shoulder throughout the down swing and the follow through movements, whilst the hip rotation forces the whole twisted body to follow its movement and whilst also maintaining the upper body angles, you will hit the ball in the direction you aiming.

It will take you a little while to learn to only use the movement of the hips to totally control the down swing / follow through movements, whilst keeping the rest of the body in a totally passive condition, but persevere and you will succeed -- that is how I mastered the movement.


Extra Information.

 

It is absolutely vital that throughout the back swing movement the upper body unit is firmly held together as a very compact unit , so that it is the movement of the shoulders has causes the arms to move, as opposed to the arms being simply lifted to the end of the back swing movement and the movement has been slow and controlled.

Failure to keep the upper body unit held tightly together during the back swing will result in very erratic shots.

 

Begin the down swing movement with a relatively slow hip action and gradually build up the speed of the hips as the down swing progresses, but the left leg must also gradually straighten as the down swing movement progresses so that it is fully straightened by the time the club head strikes the ball.

Importantly, you must have control of the club head at the impact position, therefore keep the whole down swing movement at a relatively slow pace throughout until you get the timing of the action correct. - it is far more important to hit the ball in the direction you are aiming, rather than the distance to ball goes.


Before you begin to swing the club at full speed carry out the following movement in very slow motion.

Make a slow back swing movement, and then whilst holding the whole body in the twisted condition that was created at the end of the back swing movement, i,e the left arm very close to the right shoulder - simply rotate the hips towards the target area thus forcing the whole twisted body to rotate around the central core of the spine and gradually straighten the left leg, whilst the twisted upper body unit is kept in a totally passive condition.

( If you imagine the left arm strapped to the right shoulder throughout the down swing and the follow through movement You must hold the left arm close to the right shoulder for the complete exercise.)


If you do it correctly, as the hips reach a position of practically facing the target area, you will note that the club head has automatically returned to the ball.

This is a mini version of the full swing.

It will take a while to convert this mini golf swing into the full swing, so take your time to learn the correct down swing movement, keep practicing it in slow motion to get used to the movement.

You must concentrate very hard to ensure that the rotation of the hips is a gradual accelerating action coupled with the straightening action of the left leg and literally use this combined action to force the twisted upper body to rotate into the down swing thus pulling the club head into the back of the ball.

( Do not attempt to activate the arms during the down swing movement until you are totally confident that the hip action remains in total control over the rotation of the upper body unit..
As you become more proficient with the hip action you will soon understand when to apply extra power with the arms.)

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